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Anti-terrorism and Peace-building During and After Conflict
Ekaterina Stepanova
SIPRI Policy Paper No. 2


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The focus of this SIPRI Policy Paper is on the problems of countering and preventing terrorism used as a mode of operation in a number of violent conflicts around the world and of integrating anti-terrorism into the broader and more fundamental peace-building framework. The study explores not only the need to fight terrorism as a task for the security (or enforcement) component of an international peace-building effort or national 'stabilization' campaign but also the more neglected subject of the use of political, legal, socio-economic, civil-society and other peace-building instruments for the purposes of countering and preventing terrorism in areas torn by and re-emerging from violent conflict.

While the study stresses the importance for anti-terrorism of efforts to build a functional and legitimate state capacity in failed or weak states, undertaken as part of peace-building, it also argues that formal mechanisms, instruments and institution-building processes are not a panacea for countering terrorism. In the peace-building context, anti-terrorism also demands an exploration of less formalized ways in which the main prerequisites for and comparative advantages of groups involved in conflict-related terrorism, such as their structural capabilities and ideologies, can be dealt with.

Click here to download Policy Paper No. 2

Contents
1. Introduction
2. The security context
3. The political and legal context
4. The socio-economic context
5. In lieu of conclusion: a medium-term anti-terrorist strategy

About the author
Dr Ekaterina Stepanova is the Head of the Non-traditional Security Threats Unit and a senior researcher at the Center for International Security, Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), Moscow, and a MacArthur Research Fellow (2003–2004). In 2003, she worked as a researcher on armed conflict and terrorism at SIPRI. Her research and publications focus on local and regional conflict management, conflict prevention and post-conflict peace-building, peace support and humanitarian operations, and non-traditional security threats (terrorism, illicit drug trafficking, etc.). She is the author of Civil–Military Relations in Operations Other Than War (Moscow, 2001, in Russian) and co-editor/co-author of Kosovo: International Aspects of the Crisis (Carnegie Moscow Center, 1999, in Russian).

Publisher: SIPRI
50 pp.
2003


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