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This book describes and analyses the budgetary processes for military expenditure in eight African countries—Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and South Africa—spanning the continent's sub-regions. While the military sector in many African states is believed to be favoured in terms of resource allocation and degree of political autonomy, it is not subject to the same rules and procedures as other sectors. In this comprehensive study, researchers from the region address questions on the oversight and control of the military budgetary process, such as the roles of the finance and defence ministries, budget offices, audit departments and external actors; the extent of compliance with standard public expenditure management procedures; and how well official military expenditure figures reflect the true economic resources devoted to military activities in these countries.
The book is based on the assumption that, while the military sector's activities require some confidentiality, it should be subject to the same standard procedures and rules followed by other state sectors. Thus, the framework for the country studies is provided by a model for good practice in budgeting for the military sector that focuses on principles of public expenditure management and defence planning.
The individual studies are tied together by a synthesis chapter, which provides a comparative analysis of the studies, identifies the level and pattern of adherence of the eight countries to the model for good practices in military budgeting and provides explanations for the different degrees of adherence displayed by the countries. Based on these explanations, the book makes concrete recommendations to the governments of African countries on how to improve their military budgetary processes and to the international community on how to support their efforts.
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2. A model for good practice in budgeting for the military sector
Appendix 2A. Good practice in military procurement and acquisition
Appendix 2B. Strategic defence planning
Appendix 2C. A practical model for the determinations of optimal defence capabilities
Nicole Ball and Len le Roux
Said Adejumobi and Mesfin Binega
Julius Karangi and Adedeji Ebo
Anatole Ayissi and Nouhoum Sangaré
Wuyi Omitoogun and Tunde Oduntan
9. Sierra Leone
10. South Africa
Len le Roux
11. A synthesis of the country studies
Wuyi Omitoogun and Eboe Hutchful
About the authors
About the editors
Wuyi Omitoogun (Nigeria) is a Researcher with the SIPRI Military Expenditure and Arms Production Project and is the co-coordinator of the SIPRI/African Security Dialogue and Research project on Military Budgetary Processes in Africa. He previously worked at the Centre for Trans-Saharan Studies, University of Maiduguri, and Obafemi Awolowo University, both in Nigeria. His publications include 'Arms control and conflict in Africa' in Arms Control and Disarmament: A New Conceptual Approach (UN Department for Disarmament Affairs, 2000) and Military Expenditure Data in Africa: A Survey of Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria and Uganda, SIPRI Research Report no. 17 (OUP, 2003). He has contributed to the SIPRI Yearbook since 2000.
Eboe Hutchful (Ghana) is Professor in Africana Studies at Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, and Executive Director of African Security Dialogue and Research (ASDR), Accra, Ghana, and is the co-coordinator of the SIPRI/ASDR project on Military Budgetary Processes in Africa. He has taught at several other universities in Africa and North America, including the University of Toronto, the University of Port Harcourt and the University of Ghana. His research has been primarily in the areas of militarism and security sector reform and the political economy of adjustment, areas in which he has published extensively. He is the author and co-editor of several books and a large number of journal articles, including The Military and Militarism in Africa (CODESRIA, 1998, co-edited with Abdoulaye Bathily), Ghana's Adjustment Experience: The Paradox of Reform (James Currey, 2002) and a forthcoming volume on Governing Security Establishments in Africa (with Anicia Lala). He is current Chair of the African Security Sector Network.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN 0-19-926266-7 978-0-19-926266-3 - hardback, pp. 293
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