The leaders of China and Russia like to speak in public of the strategic
partnership between the two countries, based on mutual interests and trust.
In reality, the two cornerstones of the relationship—arms sales and energy
cooperation—are crumbling. China has not placed a significant order for
Russian arms since 2005 and buys only a fraction of its energy imports from
This timely report illuminates the current status of China’s security and
energy relations with Russia. The authors describe a relationship that is
complex and at times fraught with distrust, and which, although potentially
promising, is increasingly marred by uncertainties.
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2. The strategic partnership
3. Military cooperation
4. Energy cooperation
About the authors
Linda Jakobson (Finland) is East Asia Program Director at the Lowy
Institute for International Policy, Sydney. Until April 2011 she was Director
of the SIPRI China and Global Security Programme, based in Beijing, where
she had lived and worked for nearly 20 years.
Dr Paul Holtom (United Kingdom) is Director of the SIPRI Arms Transfers
Programme. His research interests include arms transfers to and from the
states of the former Soviet Union and transparency in international arms
Dean Knox (United States) is a doctoral student in political science at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Until April 2011 he was a
Research Assistant with the SIPRI China and Global Security Programme.
Jingchao Peng (China) is a Research Assistant with the SIPRI China and
Global Security Programme. His current research interests include China’s
policy on the Arctic.
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