It is widely recognized that many states parties to an arms trade treaty (ATT) will need assistance to fulfil their treaty obligations. The creation of an ATT will require the expansion of existing assistance programmes as well as the development of
new approaches and efforts specifically designed to assist states with treaty implementation.
Understanding the strengths and weaknesses
of existing assistance could help to ensure that mistakes made under
other instruments are not repeated and enable actors to draw on existing
good practices. This paper therefore maps existing assistance efforts aimed
at strengthening transfer controls for conventional arms, dual-use goods or small arms and light weapons (SALW).
II. Assistance to strengthen transfer controls
III. Transfer control assistance: actors and activities
IV. Challenges for international assistance
V. Conclusions and recommendations
About the authors
Dr Paul Holtom (United Kingdom) is Director of the SIPRI Arms Transfers
Programme. His recent publications include Implementing an Arms Trade Treaty:
Lessons on Reporting and Monitoring from Existing Mechanisms, SIPRI Policy Paper no.
28 (July 2011, co-author), and China’s Energy and Security Relations with Russia: Hopes,
Frustrations and Uncertainties, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 29 (Oct. 2011, co-author).
Mark Bromley (United Kingdom) is a Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms
Transfers Programme. His recent publications include Implementing an Arms Trade
Treaty: Lessons on Reporting and Monitoring from Existing Mechanisms, SIPRI Policy
Paper no. 28 (July 2011, co-author), and Transparency in Military Spending and Arms
Acquisitions in Latin America and the Caribbean, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 31 (Jan. 2012,