China wants to be part of the Arctic order and, as a rising power, emphasizes
the global implications of the Arctic’s melting ice. Although several non-
Chinese observers have described China’s actions in the Arctic as 'more
assertive', and the Chinese Government has taken steps to protect what it
perceives as its key interests in the region, China’s Arctic policies are still in
a nascent stage of formulation.
This Policy Paper represents the first comprehensive mapping of the
agencies and individuals involved in the formulation of Arctic policies and
an assessment of the motives underlying China’s Arctic activities. The
authors show that, while China recognizes that it is an 'Arctic outsider'—
without sovereign rights in the Arctic—it nevertheless sees numerous
economic opportunities opening up in there. It consequently seeks to
influence discussions and decisions on how the Arctic should be governed.
2. China's Arctic actors
3. Motives behind China’s Arctic activities
4. The Arctic in China's bigger picture
About the authors
Linda Jakobson (Finland) is the East Asia Program Director at the Lowy
Institute for International Policy, Sydney, and a member of SIPRI's Arctic
research team. Until 2011 she was Director of the SIPRI China and Global
Security Programme. Before moving to Sydney in 2011, she lived and worked
in China for 20 years. She has published six books on Chinese and East Asian
society and has written extensively on China's foreign policy, energy
security, science and technology polices and the Taiwan Strait.
Jingchao Peng (China) is a graduate student at Waseda University, Tokyo.
Until September 2012 he was a Research Assistant with the SIPRI China and
Global Security Programme, based in Beijing. His main research interests
include the Arctic policies of East Asian states and China's maritime
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