In the 10 years since the European Union adopted its Strategy against
Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, it has succeeded in
developing a distinctive approach to the non-proliferation of WMD.
Developments over the decade provide a solid platform from which the EU
could now expand its non-proliferation efforts in ways that increase its
effectiveness and efficiency, in particular, by emphasizing the security of
European citizens alongside the traditional security of the state.
This timely report explores how the EU has approached the formidable
task of implementing the WMD Strategy, evaluates the degree of success
that has been achieved and outlines pragmatic changes that will make the
effort more effective in the future.
2. Changes in the threat environment: from the elimination of threats to the management of risks
3. European Union non-proliferation efforts, 2003-13
4. Ways to strengthen the European Union's future approach
5. Conclusions and recommendations
About the authors
Dr Ian Anthony (United Kingdom) is Head of the SIPRI European Security
Project and Director of the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation
Programme. He has published numerous books on issues related to arms
control, disarmament and export control, including Reforming Nuclear
Export Controls: The Future of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, SIPRI Research
Report no. 22 (2007, co-author), and The Future of Nuclear Weapons in NATO
(Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, 2010, co-author).
Lina Grip (Sweden) is a Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation
Programme and is SIPRI's coordinator for the EU Non-proliferation
Consortium. She is also a doctoral candidate in political
science at Helsinki University. Her research interests include regional and
multilateral non-proliferation and arms control policies and processes, with
a focus on the EU, and she has published a number of papers on the EU's non-proliferation
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