Little attention has been paid to the limited, but not negligible, nuclear proliferation risks associated with the mining of uranium. As the global market for uranium changes and as more African countries become
uranium suppliers, there is a need for them to be vigilant of those risks.
This is the first study to look at the proliferation risks associated with uranium extraction in Africa and to suggest practical ways in which African states can act to mitigate them. The authors argue that, as countries of
proliferation concern achieve proficiency in uranium conversion and enrichment, restricting easy access to uranium could be one part of a comprehensive and integrated approach to non-proliferation across the nuclear fuel cycle.
2. Uranium extraction and proliferation risk
3. The uranium market
4. The legal framework
5. Conclusions and recommendations
About the authors
Dr Ian Anthony (United Kingdom) is Director of the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme and Head of the SIPRI European
Security Project. Among his numerous other publications on issues related to arms control, disarmament and export control are Reforming Nuclear Export Controls: The Future of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, SIPRI Research
Report no. 22 (2007, co-author), and ‘Measures to combat nuclear terrorism’,
SIPRI Yearbook 2013
Lina Grip (Sweden) is a Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme and is SIPRI’s coordinator for the EU Non-proliferation Consortium. She is also a doctoral candidate in political
science at Helsinki University. Her research interests include regional and multilateral non-proliferation and arms control policies and processes, with a focus on the EU and East and Southern Africa. Her
recent publications include ‘Small arms control in Africa’, SIPRI Yearbook 2013.
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