Before the end of 2014 at least 50 states will have ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), triggering its entry into force. States and non-governmental organizations can then turn their attention to the serious matter of developing effective mechanisms of treaty implementation. While the ATT provides a loose framework for what these mechanisms will look like, many details remain undefined. Key decisions include agreeing the structure, tasks and funding mechanisms of the ATT Secretariat and templates for national reporting.
Formal decisions on these issues can be taken during the first Conference of States Parties (CSP1), which must be held within a year of the treaty entering into force. However, serious discussions can—and should—begin well in advance. This paper outlines the various options for key aspects of ATT implementation and draws relevant lessons from existing arms control and export control instruments.
II. The current state of play in the ATT process
About the authors
Dr Sibylle Bauer (Germany) is Director of the SIPRI Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme. Since 2005 she has designed and implemented capacity-building activities in Europe and South East Asia, with a focus on legal and enforcement issues related to the enhancement of transit, brokering and export controls.
Paul Beijer (Sweden) is a career foreign service official. He is currently Ambassador at the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Stockholm and is responsible for Sweden's participation in the United Nations Arms Trade Treaty process, first as lead negotiator from 2010–13 and then as responsible for Sweden's ratification and the continued process. He has 10 years’ working experience in Sweden’s export control system.
Mark Bromley (United Kingdom) is Co-Director of the SIPRI Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme, where his work focuses on national, regional and international efforts to regulate the international arms trade.