The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) entered into force on 24 December 2014. The ATT creates a range of obligations for states parties in the field of arms transfer controls and many will require assistance with treaty implementation. Recognizing these needs, the ATT suggests areas where international cooperation and assistance might be focused and mechanisms through which it might be carried out.
This SIPRI Background Paper provides a framework for categorizing the areas where states parties to the ATT may require assistance in the field of arms transfer controls. Using this framework, the paper provides an overview of good practice documents and guidelines, and of past and ongoing cooperation activities aimed at improving states’ arms transfer controls. The paper aims to highlight areas where ATT implementation efforts can build on work that has already been done and address potential gaps that may need to be filled.
II. Assistance and cooperation and the ATT
III. Obligations under the ATT and relevant guidelines and activities
IV. Conclusions and recommendations
An online appendix provides links to the good practice documents and guidelines cited in this paper as well as others that may be of relevance for assisting states with ATT implementation.
Bauer, S., Beijer, P. and Bromley, M., ‘The Arms Trade Treaty: challenges for the First Conference of States Parties’,>, SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security no. 2014/2 (Sep. 2014).
Bauer, S., ‘Arms trade control capacity building: lessons from dual-use trade controls’,>, SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security no. 2013/2 (Mar. 2013).
Holtom, P. and Bromley, M., ‘Implementing an arms trade treaty: mapping assistance to strengthen arms transfer controls’, SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security no. 2012/2 (July 2012).
About the authors
Dr Sibylle Bauer (Germany) is Director of the SIPRI Dual-Use and Arms Trade Control Programme and has a long record of research and publication on armaments and export control issues, especially regarding the European Union. Since 2005 much of her work has focused on export control capacity building, in particular in legal and enforcement areas. Her recent publications include ‘Export controls’ in the Routledge Handbook of Nuclear Proliferation and Policy (2015) and ‘The Arms Trade Treaty: challenges for the First Conference of States Parties’, SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security no. 2014/2
(Sep. 2014, co-author).
Mark Bromley (United Kingdom) is Co-Director of the SIPRI Dual-use and Arms Trade Control Programme, where his work focuses on national, regional and international efforts to regulate the international arms trade. Previously, he was a policy analyst for the British American Security Information Council (BASIC). His recent publications include Western Arms Exports to China, SIPRI Policy Paper no. 43 (Jan. 2015, co-author), and ‘The Arms Trade Treaty: challenges for the First Conference of States Parties’, SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security no. 2014/2 (Sep. 2014, co-author).